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Украинским банкам запретили начислять проценты во время кредитных споров

Украинским банкирам запретили насчитывать людям проценты, пени и штрафы по займам после обращения к ним с исками и требованиями о возврате всей суммы кредита. Даже в случае невыплаты после соответствующего постановления суда, говорится в заключении Большой палаты Верховного суда по делу №444/9519/12.

Оно касалось кредитного спора Приватбанка с заемщиком, получившим гривневый заем на 8,2 тыс. грн., которому при ставке в 25% годовых, насчитали общую сумму долга в размере 83,8 тыс. грн.: львиную долю этой суммы составила пеня — 43,1 тыс. грн., затем шли проценты — 28,9 тыс. грн., и только после них сама сумма займа и штрафы.

«Банк насчитал проценты с пеней и штрафные санкции не только на срок действия кредитного договора — на 24 месяца. А еще и на все время кредитного спора: сколько времени человек ходил по судам — столько времени кредитор насчитывал свои проценты. Со стандартным объяснением — что банк все это время не видел своих денег. Только вот Верховный суд оно не убедило. Он в своем заключении-разъяснении указал, что банк может претендовать только на проценты и штрафные санкции, предусмотренные кредитным договором, которые насчитаны за время действия кредитного соглашения и не больше. И это очень важный момент, поскольку так поступает не только Приватбанк, но и многие другие финансовые структуры, специализирующиеся на обслуживании населения. Они стараются максимально пользоваться финансовой безграмотностью населения», — объяснил UBR.ua ситуацию старший партнер адвокатской компании «Кравец и партнеры» Ростислав Кравец.

Юристы уверяют, подобные случаи не единичны, и что финансисты часто прибегают к подобным приемам.

«Практика затягивания банками сроков с целью максимального начисления процентов и штрафных санкций очень распространена. Особенно этим грешит Приватбанк и мелкие финансовые структуры. В этом ключе решение Верховного суда станет существенным подспорьем для заемщиков», — отметил UBR.ua управляющий партнер АО «Suprema Lex» Виктор Мороз.

Вообще же банки применяют самые разные уловки: очень модны в последние годы споры по старым долгам с продлением сроком исковой давности. То есть сначала банки не торопятся и годами насчитывают проценты по небольшим суммам, о которых забыли люди или недоплатили по незнанию (из-за мелкого шрифта в договорах) — чтобы пени побольше накопилось. А потом, чтобы претендовать на крупные возмещения стараются всеми правдами и неправдами продлить сроки исковой давности.

«Есть ряд других уловок, применяемых банками с целью увеличить сроки просрочки по кредитным договорам, например, принуждение заемщиков подписать заявление о признании задолженности и оплатить хотя бы ее часть или автоматическое списание с других счетов заемщика средств в счет погашения кредита. Эти уловки позволяют прервать срок исковой давности и начислить заемщику больше процентов и неустойки. Однако и против таких приемов есть эффективные способы защиты», — заверил Мороз.

ua-banker.com

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